Counter Currents - Kourosh Ziabari: According to UN regulations for the standardization of geographical places names, any attempt to alter or distort a historical registered name is denied and branded as "unlawful'. Every city, province, island, river, strait, mountain and gulf enjoys a special, exclusive name and each name narrates a story about the origins and history of its owner.
For example, the phrase "Indian ocean" tells us that the southeastern region of Asia was under the domination of Indian empire historically, or the name "Caspian sea" describes that the main inhabitants of Southern Russian and northern Iran region were the ancient tribe of "Caspi" historically. This shows that the originality and unity of geographical names must be kept and dispersion is not acceptable in this matter.
Let's give a simple example. My name is Kourosh, but what happens if each of my friends decide to call me by his desired name? Maybe I would get 20 names if I had 20 friends, and clearly it is neither logical nor practical. In an upper level, imagine that we assign two or three names to every country and request of the media and people to call these destinations by all of the assigned names, or that the different states designate their arbitrary name to the neighboring countries. In this case, we would have a world with 200 countries and thousands of names for them. Would be the world livable in such circumstances?
However, I propounded all of the above topics to mention about a critical issue which is offending the international community these days, the project of Persian Gulf's name distortion. According to the legal and historical evidences, the body water which separates Iran from the Arabian Peninsula is known as Persian Gulf since the ancient eras until now, lacking any synonym or alternative name. This name has been used in historical maps, articles and epilogues for more than 1 million times, a most prominent of them belonging to the Greek Herodotus.
The Greek historian in his book -History of Herodotus, 440 B.C- has repeatedly mentioned the term "Sinus Persicus" which is a Latin form of "Persian Gulf", meanwhile he emphasized that the "Arabian Gulf" is a historical name which stands for the today's "Red Sea". Additionally, we find the term "Persian Gulf" referring to the body water separating the plateau of Persia from the Arabian Peninsula in the books and maps of numerous Arabian voyagers and scholars including Ibn-e-Battuta.
Regarding the history of Persian Empire which dates back to 5000 B.C and known as one of the first civilizations in the world's history, Persian Gulf, Caspian Sea and the Gulf of Iran which is currently referred as the "Gulf of Oman" were all under the sovereignty of Persia, a great monarchy which was consisted of various states such as Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Emirates, Kuwait, Syria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Armenia and Parts of India.
All of these states separated from Iran during the past millennium and shaped their own, independent governments, the latest of them was UAE which toke independence from Iran in the year 1971.However, I am not looking to bother you by substantiating the historical and scientific legitimacy of Persian Gulf's name.